Makemson, assistant professor of communications, presented "Neither
Drunkards nor Libertines: Portraying Grover Cleveland as a Threat
to the Family in Political Cartoons During the 1884 Campaign," at
the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication
convention in Kansas City, Mo., in August.
paper explored how artists attempted to portray Cleveland's personal
and private behavior as scandalous. Makemson found that cartoonists
generally were uncomfortable solely addressing Cleveland's illegitimate
child scandal and layered it within more substantive public policy
issues. In total, the cartoons reveal a plea to uphold a Victorian
concept of family and morality that was seemingly losing its grip
on the American public.