research article, "Private Vice and Public Virtue: Political Cartoons
as 'Opprobrious Discourse' Against Grover Cleveland During the 1884
Presidential Campaign," has been published in the Fall 2004 edition
of the International Journal of Comic Art.
examines political cartoons from satirical magazines such as The
Judge and concludes that the coverage combined elements of Cleveland's
illegitimate child scandal and the free trade issue, making an overriding
argument that Cleveland was a threat to the American family.