research article by faculty member Harlen Makemson has been published
in the refereed journal Media History Monographs.
"One Misdeed Evokes Another: How Political Cartoonists Used 'Scandal
Intertextuality' Against Presidential Candidate James G. Blaine,"
examines cartoonists' portrayals of Blaine and concludes that artists
borrowed not only from previous political scandals and debates about
cultural norms of the time but also from each other.
also studies how cartoonists such as Thomas Nast and Joseph Keppler
differed in their approaches by using the concept of "scandal
intertextuality," which acknowledges that current scandal often
is understood through the prism of past scandal.
is volume 7, number 2 of the online journal and can be accessed