Bill Andrews, Sr.

Associate Professor of Physical Therapy Education
Gerald L. Francis Center 100F
2085 Campus Box
Elon, NC 27244
andrewsb@elon.edu (336) 278-6351

Professional Expertise

Stroke rehabilitation; physical therapy clinical measurement

Brief Biography

My clinical, educational, and research interests revolve around stroke rehabilitation and clinical measurement in physical therapy.

Education

North Carolina State University; May 2000 – December 2004; Doctorate of Education in Adult & Community College Education; Specialization in Health Professions Education     

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; August 1988 - August 1990; Master of Science in Allied Health (Physical Therapy Major)

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; May 1983 - August 1985; Bachelor of Science in Physical Therapy

St. Andrews Presbyterian College; August 1981 - May 1983

Employment History

Assistant Professor of Physical Therapy (1997-2009) & Associate Professor of Physical Therapy (2009 – present); Elon University; Elon, NC

Contract Physical Therapist; UNC Hospitals; Chapel Hill, NC; August 2006 to present

Contract Physical Therapist; Alamance Regional Medical Center; Burlington, NC; September 1998 to 2010

Senior Physical Therapist in Rehabilitation; UNC Hospitals; Chapel Hill, NC; July 1990 - August 1997

Physical Therapy Supervisor (February 1988 - June 1988), Senior Physical Therapist (October 1987 - February 1988), & Staff Physical Therapist (October 1985 - October 1987); Southeastern Regional Rehabilitation Center; Cape Fear Valley Medical Center; Fayetteville, NC

Courses Taught

DPT 702: Management of Neuromuscular Disorders

DPT 800: Clinical Decision Making with the Complex Patient (Client)

DPT 809: Directed Research II

Leadership Positions

Graduate Council 
Elon University
May 1998 to May 2000; August 2004 to May 2006

Admissions Committee
Department of Physical Therapy Education
Elon University
January 2001 to 2010

Long Range Planning Committee 
Elon University
August 2004 to May 2007
     
Chair of Subcommittee on Peer/Aspirant Institutions
     
May 2005 to 2007

Faculty Search Committee -- Chair
Department of Physical Therapy Education
Elon University
Fall 2007 – Spring 2008

Consultant to Subcommittee of the Curriculum Committee examining graduate programs offered at Elon’s peer and aspirant institutions.
Elon University
Fall 2007 – Spring 2008

Faculty Research & Development Committee
Elon University
August 2008 to 2010

Distinguished Scholar Award Committee
Elon University
August 2008 to 2010
     
Committee Chair – August 2009 to April 2010

Physician Assistant Feasibility Study Committee – Chair
Elon University
December 2008 to Oct. 2010

Physician Assistant Founding Program Chair Search Committee – Chair 
Elon University
Oct. 2010 to Dec. 2010

Teaching & Learning Grant Review Committee
Elon University
Fall 2011

Health Insurance Advisory Committee
Elon University
Sept. 2009 to present

Faculty-Staff Fundraising Campaign
Department of Physical Therapy Education – Captain
Elon University
August 2010 to Aug. 2012

Physician Assistant Faculty Search Committees (n=7)
Elon University
April 2011 to February 2012

School of Health Sciences Curriculum Committee
Elon University
September 2011 to present

School of Health Sciences’ Global Learning Opportunities Committee
Elon University
February 2012 to present

Ad Hoc Committee on Funding for Scholarly Activities -- Chair
School of Health Sciences 
Elon University
February 2012 to Dec. 2012

Health Professions Advisory Committee
Elon University
October 2012 to present

Faculty Search Committee 
Department of Physical Therapy Education
Elon University
Spring 2012 – present

Faculty Research & Development Committee
Elon University
August 2013 to present

Grants Awarded

Tests and Measures Chosen by Expert Physical Therapists when Examining Patients with Stroke. Elon University Summer Research Grant, June 2005, $1200.00, Principal Investigator – A. W. Andrews

EndNote Bibliographic Software for DPT Students. Elon University Academic Technology and Computing Committee Grant, December 2007, $1560.00, Principal Investigator – A. W. Andrews

Joni & Friends Family Retreat. Elon University Community Partner Initiative Grant, January 2009, $1296.40. 

Cause 4 Life - Romania. Elon University Community Partner Initiative Grant, May 2011, $1200.00. 

Ability of the Provision and Intensity of Rehabilitation Services to Predict Readmission Rates for Patients Sustaining Acute Strokes in the South. Elon University Faculty Research and Development Grant, August 2012, $10,200

Administration of the Health Sciences Reasoning Test to 3rd-Year DPT Students. Elon University Academic Technology and Computing Committee Software Grant, September 2012, $700.

Publications

 PEER REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS:

  1. Bohannon R.W., Andrews A.W.:  Interrater reliability of hand-held dynamometry. Phys Ther, 1987, 67:931-933.

  2. Bohannon, R.W., Andrews, A.W.:  Relative strength of seven upper extremity muscle groups in hemiparetic stroke patients.   J Neuro Rehab,  1987; 1:161-165.

  3. Bohannon, R.W., Andrews, A.W., Smith MB:  Rehabilitation goals of patients with hemiplegia.  Int J Rehab Research, 1988; 11:181 - 183

  4. Bohannon, R.W., Andrews, A.W.:  Influence of head-neck rotation on static elbow flexion force of paretic side in patients with hemiparesis.  Phys Ther 1989; 69:135-137.

  5. Bohannon, R.W., Andrews, A.W.:  Accuracy of spring and strain gauge hand-held dynamometers. J. Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1989; 10:323-325.

  6. Andrews, A.W., Bohannon, R.W.:  Decreased shoulder range of motion on paretic side after stroke.  Phys Ther 1989; 69:768-772.

  7. Bohannon, R.W., Andrews, A.W.:  Shoulder subluxation and pain in stroke patients.  American Journal of Occupational Therapy 1990; 44:507-509.

  8. Bohannon, R.W., Andrews, A.W.:  Correlation of knee extensor muscle torque and spasticity with gait speed in patients with stroke.  Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1990; 71:240-243.

  9. Andrews, A.W.:  Hand-held dynamometry for measuring muscle strength. Journal of Human Muscle Performance 1991; 1:35-50.

  10. Bohannon RW, Andrews AW:  Limb muscle strength is impaired bilaterally after stroke.  J Phys Ther Sci 1995; 7:1-7.

  11. Bohannon, R.W., Andrews, A.W.:  Relationships between impairments and gait performance after stroke.  Gait & Posture 1995; 3:236-240

  12. Bohannon, R.W., Andrews, A.W., Thomas, M.W.:  Walking speed: reference values and correlates for older adults.  J. Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1996; 24:86-90.

  13. Andrews, A.W., Thomas M. W., Bohannon R. W.:  Normative values for isometric muscle force measurements obtained with hand-held dynamometers. Phys Ther 1996; 76:248-259.

  14. Bohannon, R.W., Andrews, A.W.  Relationships between impairments in strength of limb muscle actions following stroke.  Perceptual and Motor Skills 1998; 87:1327-1330.

  15. Bohannon R.W., Andrews A.W. Standards for judgments of unilateral impairments in muscle strength. Perceptual and Motor Skills 1999; 89:878-880.

  16. Andrews A.W., Bohannon R.W.  Distribution of muscle strength impairments following stroke.  Clin Rehab 2000; 14:88-95.

  17. Bohannon R.W., Andrews A.W.  Characterization of isometric limb muscle strength of older adults.  Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 2000; 8:33-40.

  18. Andrews A.W. Effect of physical therapy intervention on muscle strength and functional limitations in a patient with chronic stroke. Physical Therapy Case Reports 2000; 3:17-21.

  19. Andrews A.W., Bohannon R.W. Discharge function and length of stay for patients with stroke are predicted by lower extremity muscle force on admission to rehabilitation. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2001; 15:93-97.

  20. Dittiger M., Bohannon R.W., Andrews A.W. Reliability, responsiveness, and validity of timed, large amplitude, rapid alternating movement patterns among patients with stroke. J Phys Ther Sci 2001; 13:75-81.

  21. Andrews A. W., Bohannon R. W. Short-term recovery of limb muscle strength following acute stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2003; 84:125-30.

  22. Andrews A. W., Johansson C. J., Chinworth S. A., Akroyd D. A. Cognitive, collegiate, and demographic predictors of attrition in physical therapy education. Journal of Physical Therapy Education 2006; 20(1):14-21.

  23. Andrews A. W. Folger S. E., Norbet S., Clark L. Tests and measures used by specialist physical therapists when examining patients with stroke. J Neurol Phys Ther 2008; 32:122-128.

  24. Pigford T., Andrews A. W. Feasibility and Benefit of Using the Nintendo Wii Fit for Balance Rehabilitation in an Elderly Patient Experiencing Recurrent Falls. Journal of Student Physical Therapy Research. 2010; 2(1):12-20.

  25. Andrews A. W., Chinworth S. A., Bourassa M., Garvin M., Benton D., Tanner S. Update of distance and velocity requirements for community ambulation. J Geriatr Phys Ther 2010; 33:128-134.

  26. Gorman, M., Andrews, A. W., A case study examining the recovery of gait using treadmill training followed by overground ambulation in a patient with a middle cerebral artery stroke. Journal of Student Physical Therapy Research. 2010; 3(1):47-56.

  27. Sullivan, J. E., Andrews, A. W., Lanzino, D., Peron, A., Potter, K. A. Outcome measures in neurological clinical practice: Part II: A patient-centered process. J Neurol Phys Ther 2011; 35:65-74.

  28. Bohannon, R. W., Andrews, A. W. Normal walking speed: a descriptive meta-analysis. Physiotherapy 2011; 97:182-189.

  29. Andrews, A. W. Self report measures of mobility. Top Geriatr Rehabil 2012; 28:2-10.

  30. Bohannon, R. W., Andrews, A. W., Glenney, S. S. Responsiveness of measurements of lower-limb muscle strength obtained with a hand-held dynamometer from patients with stroke. Isokinetics & Exercise Science 2013; 21:129-134.

  31. Bohannon, R. W., Andrews, A. W., Glenney, S. S. Minimal clinically important difference of comfortable speed as a measure of gait performance in patients undergoing inpatient rehabilitation after stroke. J Phys Ther Sci (in press).

 

Presentations

PEER REVIEWED PRESENTATIONS:

  1. Andrews, A.W., Giuliani, C.A.:  The effect of leg position on active and passive dorsiflexion capabilities in hemiparetic subjects.  Proc of 66th Annual Conference of the American Physical Therapy Association, p S66, 1991.
  2. Andrews, A.W., Giuliani, C.A.:  The effect of leg position on active and passive dorsiflexion capabilities in hemiparetic subjects.  Proc Fall Chapter Meeting of  the North Carolina Physical Therapy Association, 1991.
  3. Andrews, A.W., Thomas, M.W., Bohannon, R.W.:  Predictors of isometric muscle strength in healthy, elderly individuals.  Proc of 68th Annual Conference of the American Physical Therapy Association, p S84, 1993.
  4. Andrews, A.W. Application of Hand-Held Dynamometry in the Clinical Setting to Measure Muscle Performance. Ninety Minute Presentation at the North Carolina Physical Therapy Association Spring Chapter Meeting, Boone, NC, May 14, 1994.
  5. Andrews, A.W. Application of Hand-Held Dynamometry in the Clinical Setting to Measure Muscle Performance Ninety Minute Presentation at the 2nd Joint Congress of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association and the American Physical Therapy Association, Toronto, Canada, June 7, 1994
  6. Bohannon R.W., Andrews A. W.  Limb muscle strength is impaired bilaterally after stroke.  American Society of Neurologic Rehabilitation, 1995.
  7. Andrews, A.W., Bohannon, R. W.:  Distribution of muscle strength impairments following stroke.  Proc of 74th Annual Conference of the American Physical Therapy Association, p S82, 1999.
  8. Andrews, A.W., Bohannon, R. W.:  Distribution of muscle strength impairments following stroke.  Proc Fall Chapter Meeting of the North Carolina Physical Therapy Association, 1999.
  9. Folger, S. F., Andrews, A. W. Web-based neurological case studies. Proc Fall Chapter Meeting of the North Carolina Physical Therapy Association, 2000.
  10. Folger, S. F., Andrews, A. W. Web-based neurological case studies. Proc of 76th Annual Conference of the American Physical Therapy Association, p A84, 2001.
  11. Folger, S. F., Andrews, A. W. Practicing clinical reasoning and intervention selection using an interactive web-based program. Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association, 2002.
  12. Chinworth, S. A., Andrews, A. W., Sleek, G. Are There Differences in Pre-Admission Variables Between Students Who Experience Difficulty and Those Who Do Not in a PT Curriculum? Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association, 2003.
  13. Sleek, G., Chinworth, S. A., Andrews, A. W. Influence of Undergraduate GPA and GRE Scores on Student Performance in a Professional PT Curriculum. Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association, 2003.
  14. Folger, S. F., Andrews, A. W. Interactive web-based case studies: practicing patient/client management. 14th International World Confederation for Physical Therapy Congress, 2003.
  15. Andrews, A. W., Chinworth, S. A. Cognitive, Collegiate, and Demographic Predictors of Attrition in Physical Therapy Education. 80th Annual Conference of the American Physical Therapy Association, 2005.
  16. Andrews, A. W., Chinworth, S. A. Comparison of Prerequisite and Professional Physical Therapy Course Grades Based on Type of Undergraduate Institution. 81st Annual Conference of the American Physical Therapy Association, 2006.
  17. Chinworth, S. A., Andrews, A. W. Developing Evidence for Prerequisite Courses as Admission Variables in Physical Therapist Education. 81st Annual Conference of the American Physical Therapy Association, 2006.
  18. Norbet S., Clark L., Folger, S. E., Andrews, A. W. Tests and measures utilized by expert physical therapists when examining patients with stroke. Proc Fall Chapter Meeting of the North Carolina Physical Therapy Association, 2007.
  19. Andrews, A. W., Folger, S. E., Norbet S., Clark L. Tests and measures utilized by expert physical therapists when examining patients with stroke. Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association, 2008.
  20. Johansson, C, Andrews, B. Application of a Transformative Learning Model to Service-Learning Experiences. 10th Annual Service-Learning Conference sponsored by North Carolina Campus Compact, 2008.
  21. Bohannon, R. W., Andrews, A. W. Comfortable Walking Speed: Norms for Adults Derived Using Meta-Analysis. National Institutes of Health Toolbox Public Conference, 2008.
  22. Chinworth, S. A., Andrews, A. W., Jordan, W., Thompson, S. Functional Community Ambulation: Gait Speed Requirements for Safely Crossing the Street. Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association, 2009.
  23. Andrews, A. W., Chinworth, S. A. Storholt, E., Kessler, B. McHugh, T. Impact of Large Retail Establishments on Community Ambulation Distance Requirements. Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association, 2009.
  24. Andrews, A. W., Freburger, J., Li, D. The Association of Rehabilitation Service Use on Hospital Readmission for Patients with Acute Stroke. Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association, 2014.

 

 

Professional Activities

American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties; Certified Specialist in Neurologic Physical Therapy - April 1997; recertified June 2007

American Physical Therapy Association - North Carolina Chapter; Member 1984 – present; Member of Neurology Section 1997 – present; Member of Research Section 1997-2002; Member of Education Section 2002-2006; Member of Geriatrics Section 2005- present

Research Committee; North Carolina Physical Therapy Association; 1993 – 2000; Chairperson 1995-2000

Task Force on Practice & Legislation; North Carolina Physical Therapy Association; July 1999 to February 2000; Assistant Leader, Research Section July 1999 to February 2000

Specialization Academy of Content Experts for the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties 2007-2011

Editorial Board Member for Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy (2004 to present)

Manuscript Reviewer for the following peer-reviewed journals: Physical Therapy (1986, 1987, 1991); Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation (1991, 2001, 2002); Physical Therapy Practice (1992); Clinical Rehabilitation (1993, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002); Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy (2002, 2003, 2004); Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair (2004); Physiotherapy Theory & Practice (2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013); Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013); American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (2009).

Grant Reviewer for PPP Healthcare Medical Trust, London, England (2001)

Grant Reviewer for Research into Ageing Dhole Clinical Training Fellowship, London, England (2003)

Book Reviewer for: Chinworth SA, Johansson C. Mobility in Context 

Member of APTA Consulting Group on Uniform Outcomes Assessment (2007 – 2008)

Consultant to EPharma Solutions and Xenoport, Inc. regarding a pharmaceutical Phase III Clinical Trial (2012)

Consultant to Acorda Therapeutics and INC Research regarding a pharmaceutical Phase III Clinical Trial (2012)

 

Service Activities

Chair of Global Impact (Missions) Committee; Dayspring Fellowship, Durham, NC; 2006 – 2011

Wheels for the World Wheelchair Distribution Volunteer & Supervisor of DPT Students; Joni and Friends Ministries; Craiova and Bucharest, Romania; Aug. 2003; July 2007; July 2008

Community Leave Sponsor; Division of Prisons; North Carolina Department of Correction; 2004 – 2008

Volunteer for Camper with Disabilities; Joni and Friends Family Retreats; Bonclarken, NC; Aug. 2005; Aug. 2006; Volunteer & Supervisor of DPT students in July 2009, Aug. 2010

Cause 4 Life Team Leader and Supervisor of DPT Students; Joni and Friends Ministries; Bucharest, Romania; Aug. 2011

Wheels for the World Wheelchair Distribution Team Leader & Supervisor of DPT Students
Joni and Friends Ministries
Brasov, Romania
July 2013

Skills

I type fasst and accureately,

Awards

Inducted into Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society; North Carolina State University - March 2002  

Section on Geriatrics 2009 Combined Sections Meeting Best Research Poster; Impact of Large Retail Establishments on Community Ambulation Distance Requirements - February 2009

Excellence in Service Award; School of Education -- Elon University - May 2009

Academic Service-Learning Faculty Scholar; Elon University - 2010-2011