Inventory of the William H. Maness Collection, 1957 - 2000 Mss.Coll.005

Inventory of the William H. Maness Collection, 1957 - 2000
Mss.Coll.005


This finding aid is NCEAD compliant.
Elon University



© 2008 Elon University. All Rights Reserved.

Contact Information:

Belk Library Archives and Special Collections
Elon University
2550 Campus Box
Elon, North Carolina
27244
336-278-6599
Email: belkarchives@elon.edu
URL: http://www.elon.edu/e-web/library/libraryinfo/archiveinfo.xhtml

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Elon University. Belk Library Archives and Special Collections
Creator: William H. Maness
Title: William H. Maness Collection, 1957 - 2000
Language of Material: Material in English
Location: The collection is located in Belk Library Archives Satellite Shelving at Elon University. Please contact the Archivist and Special Collections Librarian for further details about the location.
Abstract: The William H. Maness collection contains a variety of materials relating to his tenure as a judge in Jacksonville, FL, as well as issues of racism, social inequality, the Civil Rights Movement in the United States, and the strides people took to promote the well-being and equality of the human race. The collection is arranged alphabetically by type of material into five series, then chronologically within each series, where applicable. The series are: Books; Correspondence; Lists; Literary Productions; Printed Material.
Extent: 1 linear feet, 2 archival boxes

Back to Top

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.


Back to Top

Copyright Notice

The nature of the Archives and Special Collections of Belk Library means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The Archives and Special Collections of Belk Library claims only physical ownership of most materials. The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to the U.S. Copyright Law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research of otherwise should be fully credited with the source.


Back to Top

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], William H. Maness Collection, Belk Library Archives and Special Collections, Elon University, Elon, NC, USA.


Back to Top

Gift or Purchase Note

Gift. Please refer to the Correspondence Legal file for more information.


Back to Top

Accession Information

#2006.04.1


Back to Top

Processing Information

Processed by Katie Nash, March, 2006

Encoded by Kristin Shaffer, December, 2008


Back to Top

Back to Top

Biographical Note



Education:
* Attended Elon College from 1934-1938 (Class of 1938)
* In 1940, attended Wake Forest University School of Law, but did not complete the program. At WFU he also managed the 1940 football team
* In 1946, after WWII, he entered the John B. Stetson University School of Law in Florida
* 1947, he transferred from Stetson University School of Law to Duke Law School for a fifteen-week summer session
* He transferred back to Stetson University School of Law and graduated from there in September of 1948



Career: (2:2)
No dates for these positions:
* Prosecuting attorney
* Legislator
* Circuit Judge
* Practicing lawyer
* Sunday school teacher
* Church leader
* Appeal agent for selective service
* 1938-1940: Worked at Liberty Mutual Insurance Company as a claims adjustor and an automobile policy salesman
* 1940: Returned to Elon College as a fund raiser for the college, his official title was "Assistant to the President", Dr. Leon Edgar Smith
* 1941: Became a naval aviator, drafted to fight in WWII
* 1949: Accepted an offer from the law firm of Ragland, Kurz and Layton in Florida
* After working with the Ragland law firm, he then accepted an offer from Harry H. Martin (county solicitor in Florida) to be his first assistant county solicitor
* 1954: Gave up position as the assistant county solicitor
* 1954: Elected to the seat in the Florida House of Representatives, Group 3, from Duval County
* November 1, 1957: Accepted appointment by Governor LeRoy Collins as a Circuit Judge (Florida)



Family:
* In 1941, while Maness was participating in flight training for a naval aviator, he met his first wife Betty Jeanne Rowe
* On January 9, 1941, they were married
* In the summer of 1947, they had their first son, William Holt Maness, Jr.
* By 1961, they had two children (Judith Ann and William Holt, Jr.) ready for college and three adopted children, ages 4, 5, and 7
* At age 70, William H. Maness divorced Betty Jeanne Rowe and married his current wife Betsy



Memberships: (2:2)
No dates for the following entries:
* Executive Committee of Jacksonville Bar Association
* Board of Governors
* Florida Yacht Club
* River Club
* Federal Executives' Association
* Committee of 100 of Emory University
* General Board Rational Council of Churches
* Chairman Community Relations Committee
* Delegate to Jurisdictional Conference of the Methodist Church (Southeastern)
* Committee on arrangements for the 1966 General Assembly of the National Council of Churches (NCC)
* Southern Regional Council



Awards:
* 1968: Distinguished Alumnus of the Year, Elon College



Biographical Sources:
Mss.Coll.#005, 2:2, folder titled "Finding Aid and Inventory"
For additional biographical information see Mss.Coll.#005, 5:8 and Elon College Alumni Directory, 1948 pg. 37.


Back to Top

Scope and Content Note

The William H. Maness collection contains a variety of materials relating to his tenure as a judge in Jacksonville, FL, as well as issues of racism, social inequality, and the Civil Rights Movement in the United States. The collection is arranged alphabetically by type of material into five series, then chronologically within each series, where applicable. The series are: Books; Correspondence; Lists; Literary Productions; Printed Material.

The Correspondence series includes many primary sources relating to the Civil Rights Movement, the Southern Regional Council, and racial and social unrest in the United States (specifically Florida and other Southern states). Of particular interest to the time period it was published is a booklet that contains a List of "safe books about Negros" for children to read (3:1). This booklet was published by The Department of Racial and Cultural Relations and the National Council of Churches of Christ in the USA in the year 1957 (3:1).

The Literary Productions series includes many unpublished manuscripts and essays that document racism in the United States, particularly discussing what African Americans faced during a time of turmoil. In addition to the manuscripts and essays, this series also contains reports and research notes. The two reports of interest are from the Southern Regional Council explaining violent acts in the name of racism that occurred in Jacksonville, FL during March of 1964 (4:8). Moreover, the other report documents the details surrounding the sanitation workers' (racially motivated) strike in Memphis, TN during February of 1968 (4:9). The sanitation workers' strike is particularly interesting due to the fact that it took place years after the passing of the Civil Rights Act.

The Printed Material series is by far the largest series in the collection containing a wide range of Printed Materials including booklets, magazines, newspaper clippings, postcards, and much more. Many of the materials in this series document and discuss racial issues in the United States (specifically in the South), social injustice, and actions taken to promote the well-being and equality of the human race.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged alphabetically by type of material into five series, then chronologically within each series, where applicable. The series are: Books; Correspondence; Lists; Literary Productions; Printed Material.


Back to Top

Online Catalog Headings

These and related materials may be found under the following headings in online catalogs.

Maness, William H. (William Holt), 1916-
Elon University -- Archival resources
Social movements -- United States
Social conflict -- United States
Southern Regional Council
Race discrimination -- Segregation -- United States
Race relations -- United States
Racism -- United States
African Americans -- Segregation -- United States
African Americans in literature
Elon College
Civil rights movements -- United States

Back to Top

Related Material

Please consult with the Archivist and Special Collections Librarian for additional information about related materials to this collection.

Detailed Description of the Collection

1. Books. 1948.
1 Folder. 1 Item.
This is the smallest series in the collection, containing only four pages from the book Cry, the Beloved Country by Alan Paton. The four pages include the title page, the verso, a page that offers numerous quotes praising the book, and page 175 of the text (1:1).
Folder 1. Cry, the beloved country. Excerpt.
2. Correspondence. 1964-1974.
7 Folders. ca. 30 Items.
The Correspondence series is one of the smaller in the collection, filled with rich primary resources documenting particular aspects of the Civil Rights Movement and William H. Maness’ involvement with the Southern Regional Council. Of particular historical interest is a memorandum that discusses in detail the events that surrounded the trip that hundreds of integrationists made via train from Washington, DC to Atlanta, GA and other racially troubled areas in Alabama. Specifically, the memorandum mentions events that took place leading up to and during the march from Selma, AL to Montgomery, AL during March of 1965 (2:2).
Another letter of interest is written to Dr. Leslie W. Dunbar of the Field Foundation from William H. Maness in May of 1966. This particular Correspondence discusses racial problems and incidents that took place in Jacksonville, FL as well as the issues that surrounded William H. Maness’ run for the state senate (2:3). An example of a racial incident that William H. Maness mentioned in his letter to Dr. Dunbar stated, “In the last six months, there have been two or three incidents of Negro children burning to death while left unattended at home, yet the community shows no visible signs of concern” (2:3).
Furthermore, this series contains an original signature of Langston Hughes, included in a short letter to William H. Maness in 1967 (2:4). Moreover, there are two documents that include a personal statement by Langston Hughes, as well as additional biographical information about him (2:4).
In addition to everything mentioned thus far about the contents of this series, information about African American students attending the University of Florida and the case involving Mr. Wendall P. Holmes is also included in the Correspondence series (2:6, 2:7).
Folder 1. Letters. 1964.
* Rogerson, Howard W.
* Jacksonville, FL
* Kurz, Louis
* Toole, Clark W. Jr.
* Maness, William H.
* Martin, Henry F. Jr.
Folder 2. Letters. 1965.
* Bernhard, Berl I.
* Mixon, J.C.
* Katzenbach, Nicholas deB
* Montgomery, AL
* Atlanta, GA
* Osborn, Prime F.
* Civil Rights Movement
* Cannon, James M.
* Newsweek magazine
* Human Relations Council of Greater Jacksonville
* Jacksonville, FL
* Southern Regional Council
* Anthony, Paul
* Collins, LeRoy
Folder 3. Letters. 1966.
* Dunbar, Leslie W.
* Field Foundation-New York, NY
* Maness, William H.
Folder 4. Letters. 1967.
* Hughes, Langston
Folder 5. Letters. 1968.
* Levai, Blaise
* Board of Missions of the United Methodist Church-New York, NY
Folder 6. Letters. 1974.
* Jacksonville University
* Jacksonville, FL
* Barnett, Lex
* University of Florida
* Gainesville, FL
* Whitehead, R.H.
Folder 7. Letters. 1980.
* White, Woodie W.
* Holmes, Wendall P.
3. Lists. 1957.
1 Folder. 1 Item.
Another small series in this collection contains a booklet in which a reading List containing a compilation of “safe books about Negros” that are available for children to read (3:1). Individuals who had both an academic background as well as a community service background contributed to this reading List. This booklet was published by The Department of Racial and Cultural Relations and the National Council of Churches of Christ in the USA in the year 1957 (3:1).
Folder 1. "The Negro American." 1957.
4. Literary Productions. 1964-1972.
10 Folders. ca. 20 Items.
The Literary Productions series is one of the larger and more complex in the collection. It contains materials that include essays, unpublished manuscripts, poetry, reports, and research notes. Primarily, most of the materials discuss racism in the United States, specifically what African Americans faced. Most of the titles of the unpublished manuscripts shed light on what each one discusses. The titles include: The Church and Racism; A Theological Perspective on Racism; The Anatomy of White Racism; Was Shaw Right?; and Let’s Write a Better Story of Jacksonville in 1965 (4:3, 4:4). The last title is the only one written by William H. Maness (4:4).
In addition to the unpublished manuscripts and essays, this series includes numerous poems written by William H. Maness (4:5, 4:7). The poems primarily include religious and racial connotations (4:5). Also, this series contains two poems written by Langston Hughes (4:6).
Of particular historical interest are the reports in this series which primarily document various racial problems and violent incidents both in Jacksonville, FL and Memphis, TN during the mid 1960s (4:8, 4:9). Specifically, the report that is from the Southern Regional Council addresses the “Easter Week outbreak in Jacksonville of racial violence…” and offers a detailed account of the events that took place surrounding the violent acts in 1964 (4:8). Additionally, another report from the Southern Regional Council in March of 1968 documents in detail the events surrounding the sanitation workers’ strike in Memphis, TN on February 12, 1968 (4:9).
Furthermore, this series contains research notes written by Benjamin R. Epstein that outlines in detail the events that took place during the visits to Selma, Montgomery, and Birmingham, AL in March of 1965 (4:10).
Folder 1. Essays. No Date.
Folder 2. Essays. 1967.
* "The Present Dilemma of the Negro"
* Clark, Kenneth B.
* Southern Regional Council
Folder 3. Manuscript. No Date.
* "The church and racism"
* White, Woodie W.
* "A theological perspective on racism"
* Hammond, Clayton E.
* "The anatomy of white racism"
* "Was Shaw right?"
* Maness, William H.
Folder 4. Manuscript. 1965.
* "Let's Write a better story of Jacksonville in 1965"
* Maness, William H.
Folder 5. Poetry. 1964.
* Maness, William H.
Folder 6. Poetry. 1967.
* Hughes, Langston
Folder 7. Poetry. 1972.
* Maness, William H.
Folder 8. Reports. 1964.
* Southern Regional Council
* Atlanta, GA
Folder 9. Reports. 1968.
* Southern Regional Council
* Atlanta, GA
* Sanitation Strike-Memphis, TN
Folder 10. Research Notes. 1965.
* Selma, AL
* Montgomery, AL
* Birmingham, AL
* Civil Rights Movement
* Epstein, Benjamin R.
5. Printed Material. Inclusive: 1960-2000. Bulk: 1962-1975.
66 Folders. ca. 80 Items.
This is by far the largest series in the collection containing a wide range of Printed Materials including booklets, magazines, newspaper clippings, postcards, and much more. Similar to the titles of the unpublished manuscripts and essays, the titles of the booklets in this series do a nice job of stating what the information in the booklet is about. The titles of the booklets include Civil Disobedience; The South and the Nation; A Missionary Presence in Mississippi 1964; Ohio Christian News (containing the “I have a dream” speech by Martin Luther King, Jr.); Institutional Racism in American Society: a primer; Fact Sheets on Institutional Racism; and A Lion in Winter. Specifically, the booklet titled Civil Disobedience was written by William H. Maness and the booklet titled A Lion in Winter includes biographical information and photographs of William H. Maness (5:2, 5:8).
Of particular historical interest are a group of newsletters, primarily from the Southern Regional Council (5:35, 5:36). Most of the newsletters highlight the racial problems and events in various cities and states in the South during the 1960s. These newsletters document where the Southern Regional Council stood on the issue of racism, as well as other social issues. For example, one newsletter states “The continued existence and increasing awareness of racism in this country has the most profound importance in our dealings with the nations of the world” (5:35). Each newsletter is fairly detailed in explaining and documenting issues and events that the Southern Regional Council was involved with during the 1960s.
This series also includes a large number of periodicals and magazines (5:10-5:33). Some of the titles that are heavily represented include The Crisis; Ebony; LIFE; The New Crisis; and Look.
The postcards in this series pertain directly to notable African Americans in U.S. history. Each card has an image of the individual, as well as a short write-up including biographical information and contributions they have made to society (5:47-5:66). All the postcards are arranged alphabetically by the individual’s last name.
Folder 1. Article. No Date.
* Hatchett, Joseph
Folder 2. Booklet. No Date (ca. 1960s).
* Civil Disobedience
* Maness, William H.
Folder 3. Booklet. 1960.
* "The South and the Nation"
* Collins, LeRoy
* Southern Regional Council
Folder 4. Booklet. 1964.
* "A missionary presence in Mississippi 1964"
Folder 5. Booklet. 1968.
* Ohio Christian News
* "I have a dream" speech
* King, Martin Luther Jr.
Folder 6. Booklet. 1970.
* "Institutional racism in American society: a primer"
* Mid-Peninsula Community House
Folder 7. Booklet. 1971.
* "Fact Sheets on institutional racism"
* Foundation for Change, Inc.
Folder 8. Booklet. 1999.
* Jacksonville, FL
* Civil Rights Movement
* Maness, William H.
Folder 9. Calendar. 1965.
Folder 10. Journals. Committee of Southern Churchmen. 1968.
Folder 11. Magazine. Alabama. 1997.
Folder 12. Magazine. The Capitol. 4th ed. (No Date).
Folder 13. Magazine. The Center. 1969.
Folder 14. Magazine. Concern. 1964.
Folder 15. Magazine. The Crisis. 1975.
Folder 16. Magazine. The Crisis. 1977.
Folder 17. Magazine. The Crisis. 1978.
Folder 18. Magazine. The Crisis. 1981.
Folder 19. Magazine. The Crisis. 1994.
Folder 20. Magazine. Ebony.
Folder 21. Magazine. Fortune. 1963.
Folder 22. Magazine. LIFE.
Folder 23. Magazine. Look. January 7, 1969.
Folder 24. Magazine. Look. November 18, 1969.
Folder 25. Magazine. The New Crisis. 1997.
Folder 26. Magazine. The New Crisis. 1997.
Folder 27. Magazine. The New Crisis. 2000.
Folder 28. Magazine. Newsweek. 1993.
Folder 29. Magazine. Presbyterian Survey. 1968.
Folder 30. Magazine. Psychology Today. 1974.
Folder 31. Magazine. Time. 1988.
Folder 32. Magazine. Together. 1969.
Folder 33. Magazine. U.S. News & World Report. 1974.
Folder 34. Miscellaneous.
* Human Relations Council of Greater Jacksonville
* Jacksonville, FL
Folder 35. Newsletter. 1967.
* Southern Regional Council
* Atlanta, GA
Folder 36. Newsletter. 1968.
* Southern Regional Council
* Atlanta, GA
Folder 37. Newsletter. 1971.
* Detroit Industrial Mission
Folder 38. Newsletter. 1974.
Folder 39. Newspaper Clippings. 1964.
Folder 40. Newspaper Clippings. 1974.
Folder 41. Newspaper Clippings. 1975.
Folder 42. Newspaper Clippings. 1977.
Folder 43. Newspaper Clippings. 1979.
Folder 44. Newspaper Clippings. 1980.
Folder 45. Newspaper Clippings. 1991.
Folder 46. Newspaper Clippings. 1997.
Folder 47. Postcards. Black Heritage.
Folder 48. Postcards. Bunche, Ralph.
Folder 49. Postcards. Clemente, Roberto.
Folder 50. Postcards. Coleman, Bessie.
Folder 51. Postcards. Davis, Dr. Allison.
Folder 52. Postcards. Davis, Benjamin O. Sr.
Folder 53. Postcards. Drew, Dr. Charles R.
Folder 54. Postcards. DuBois, W.E.B.
Folder 55. Postcards. Ellington, Duke.
Folder 56. Postcards. Handy, W.C.
Folder 57. Postcards. Julian, Percy Lavon.
Folder 58. Postcards. Just, Ernest E.
Folder 59. Postcards. King, Martin Luther Jr.
Folder 60. Postcards. Louis, Joe.
Folder 61. Postcards. Malcolm X.
Folder 62. Postcards. Owens, Jesse.
Folder 63. Postcards. Randolph, A. Philip.
Folder 64. Postcards. Robinson, Jackie.
Folder 65. Postcards. Woodson, Carter G.
Folder 66. Postcards. Young, Whitney Moore.