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Portable Fire Extinguishers

GENERAL

The provisions of this policy apply to the selection, distribution, inspection, maintenance and testing of portable extinguishing equipment. The requirements given herein are minimums. Portable extinguishers are intended as a first line of defense to cope with fires of limited size. They are needed even when a facility is equipped with automatic sprinklers, standpipe and hose, or other fixed protection equipment. Fire extinguisher training is provided by contacting the Safety and Police Office @ EXT. 5555.

DEFINITIONS

The basic types of fires are Classes A, B, C, and D as defined in the following:

  • Class A Ordinary combustible materials, such as wood, cloth paper, rubber, and many plastics.
  • Class B Flammable and combustible liquids.
  • Class C Energized electrical equipment.
  • Class D Combustible metals, such as magnesium, titanium, zirconium, sodium and potassium.

CLASSIFICATION AND RATINGS OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS

Portable fire extinguishers are classified for use on Class A, B, C, or D fires and rated by nationally recognized testing laboratories for relative extinguishing effectiveness. The classification and rating are based upon the preceding classification of fires and the fire-extinguishments potentials as determined by fire tests.

SELECTION OF EXTINGUISHERS

The character of the fires anticipated determines the selection of extinguishers for a given situation.

DISTRIBUTION OF EXTINGUISHERS

Fire extinguishers shall be provided for the protection of the building and for the occupancy hazard contained therein:

  • Required building protection shall be provided by fire extinguishers suitable for Class A fires
  • Protection against occupancy hazard shall be provided by fire extinguishers suitable for such Class A, B, C, or D fire potentials as may be present

MOUNTING LOCATIONS

Extinguishers shall be conspicuously located where they will be readily accessible in the event of fire. They shall be located along normal paths of travel, including exits from an area. Fire protection and fire detection equipment shall not be obstructed.

MAINTENANCE

The Physical Plant will recharge extinguishers needing to be recharged due to use or pressure leakage.

INSPECTIONS

Extinguishers are to be visually inspected monthly by departmental personnel.

NEW BUILDINGS

The Safety Office, along with the County Fire Marshall's Office, will review plans and determine the types and number of fire extinguishers required for new buildings. They will also designate the locations where extinguishers are to be installed and will install the extinguishers on request.

EXTINGUISHERS LOSS DUE TO DAMAGE OR THEFT

It is the responsibility of the using department to institute security measures to prevent losses due to theft. The Physical Plant will replace missing extinguishers.