Law Library

Understanding Citations

These videos introduce legal citation and are intended to help you construct citations in accordance with the rules set out in the nineteenth edition of  The Bluebook:  A Uniform System of Citation.  

Note:  This project is under construction.  Videos may be deleted, revised, or added.

Case Citations:

Party NameVolume NumberReportersPage NumbersCourt of DecisionDate of Decision


Criminal Actions



Volume Numbers

U.S. Supreme Court

State Reporters

First Page of Decision

Introduction to Pinpoints

Parallel Pinpoints

Common Errors

U.S. Supreme Court

U.S. Courts of Appeals

U.S. District Courts

Highest State Courts

Lower State Courts

Courts in Parallel Citations

Date of Decision

Common Errors:

Page Numbers