What is Service-Learning?
Service Learning is a course-based, credit-bearing educational experience in which students (a) participate in an organized service activity that meets a community need and (b) reflect on their service activity as a means of gaining a deeper understanding of course content, a broader appreciation of a discipline, an enhanced sense of civic responsibility, and/or a greater interest in and understanding of community life.
Allen, Rick. (March 2003). “The Democratic Aims of Service Learning.” Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, pp. 51-54.
Billig, Shelley. (2002). “Adoption, Implementation, and Sustainability of K-12 Service Learning.” A. Furco and S. Billig (Editors). Service Learning: The Essence of the Pedagogy. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, Inc.
Conrad, Dan and Diane Hedin. (June 1991). “School-Based Community Service: What We Know from Research and Theory.” Phi Delta Kapplan, pp. 743-749.
Deans, Thomas. "Service Learning in Two Keys: Paulo Freire’s Critical Pedagogy in Reflection to John Dewey’s Pragmatism.." Michigan Journal of Community Service Leaning Fall 1999: 15-29.
Eyler, Janet S.. "What Do We Most Need to Know about the Impact of Service Learning on Student Learning?." Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning Fall 2000: 11-17.
Ferman, Barbara and Hill, T.L.. "The Challenges of Agenda Conflict in Higher Education Community Research Partnerships: Views from the Community Side." Journal of Urban Affairs 2004: 241-257.
Ferrari, Joseph R. and Worrall, Laurie. "Assessments by Community Agencies: How 'The Other Side' Sees Service Learning." Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning Fall 2000: 35-40.
Glenn, Senator John and Leslie Hergert. (Fall 2002). “Service-Learning: A Critical Pedagogy for American Schools.” CYD Journal, 3(2).
Hatcher, Julie A., Bringle, Robert G. and Muthiah, Richard. "Designing Effective Reflection: What Matters to Service Learning." Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning Fall 2204: 38-46.
Illich, Ivan “To Hell with Good Intentions.”
Keilmeiser, Jim and Joe Nathan. “Service Learning: The Sleeping Giant of School Reform.” Growing Hope: A Sourcebook on Integrating Youth Service in the School Curriculum, National Youth Leadership Council.
Kezar, Adrianna and Rhoads, Robert A.. "The Dynamic Tensions of Service Learning in Higher Education." The Journal of Higher Education March/April 3001: 148-171.
Kohn, Alfie. (September 1993). “Choice for Children: Why and How to let Students Decide.” Phi Delta Kapplan, pp. 8-20.
McCarty, Bonnie and Hazelkorn, Michael. "Reflection: The Key to Social Emotional Change Using Service-Learning." Beyond Behavior Vol. 10, No 3: 30-35.
Putnam, Robert. (2000). “The Collapse and Renewal of American Community.” Bowling Alone, pp.15-28.
Rockquemore, Kerry Ann and Schaffer, Regan Harwell. "Toward a Theory of Engagement: A Cognitive Mapping of Service Learning Experience." Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning Fall 2000: 14-25.
Schor, Juliet B and Betsy Taylor. (2002). “In Praise of Hometowns.” Sustainable Planet: Solutions for the 21st Century, pp. 129-141.
Tenenbaum, I. (2002). “Building the Framework for Service Learning: The South Carolina Experience.” Phi Delta Kapplan, pp. 666-669.
Toole, James. (2002). “Civil Society, Social Trust, and the Implementation of Service Learning.” A. Furco and S. Billig (Editors). Service Learning: The Essence of the Pedagogy. Greenwich, CT:Information Age Publishing, Inc.
Vogelgesang, Lori J. and Astin, Alexander W.. "Comparing the Effects of Community Service and Service-Learning." Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning Fall 2000: 25-34.
Wadem R.C. (1997). “Community Service Learning: A Guide to Including Service in the Public School Curriculum.” Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Active Citizenship Today: Handbook for High School Teachers. Alexandria, VA: Close Up Foundation and Constitutional Rights Foundation (CRF), Los Angeles, 1994.
Barber, Benjamin R. An Aristocracy of Everyone: The Politics of Education and the Future of America. New York: Oxford University press, 1992.
Billig, Shelley and Andrew Furco (Editors). Service Learning Through a Multidisciplinary Lens. Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing, Inc.
Boston, Bruce O. Every Student a Citizen: Creating the Democratic Self. Denver: Education Commission of the States, 2000.
Connecting Service Learning to the Curriculum: A Workbook for Teachers and Administrators. Brattleboro, VT: Community Works Press, 2001.
Delve, Cecilia, Suzanne Mintz, and Greig Stewart (Editors). Community Service as Values Education San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Inc, 1990.
Everyone Wins When Youth Serve: Building Agency/School Partnerships for Service Education. Washington D.C.: Points of Light Foundation, 1995.
Eyler, Janet and Dwight E. Giles, Jr. Where’s the Service Learning? San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1990.
Fertman, Carl. Service Learning for All Students. Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, 1994.
Follman, Joseph, James Watkins, and Diane Wilkes. Learning by Serving: 2,000 Ideas for Service Learning Projects. Greensboro, NC: Southeastern Vision for Education (SERVE), School of Education, University of North Carolina, 1994.
Fredericks, Linda. Learning that Lasts: How Service Learning Can Become a Integral Part of Schools, States, and Communities. Denver: Education Commission of the States, 2002.
Kaye, Cathryn Berger. The Complete Guide to Service Learning. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing, 2004.
KIDS Consortium (2001). KIDS as Planners. Lewiston, ME: KIDS Consortium.
Lewis, Barbara. The Kid’s Guide to Service Projects. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing, 1995.
Lewis, Barbara. The Kid’s Guide to Social Action: How to Solve the Social Problems You Choose and Turn Creative Thinking Into Positive Action. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing, 1991.
Loeb, Paul Rogat. Soul of a Citizen: Living with Conviction in a Cynical Time. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 1999.
Parson, Cynthia. Service Learning from A-Z. Chester, VT: Vermont Schoolhouse Press, 1991.
Pearson, Sarah S. Finding Common Ground: Service Learning and Education Reform. Washington D.C. American Youth Policy Forum.
Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction. Learning from Experience. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction.
CIRCLE (The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement) promotes research on the civic and political engagement of Americans between the ages of 15-25.
Constitutional Rights Foundation Constitutional Rights Foundation seeks to instill in our nation’s youth a deeper understanding of citizenship through the values expressed in our Constitution and its Bill of Rights and to educate them to become active and responsible participants in society.
Corporation for National and Community Service
KIDS Consortium (Kids Involved Doing Service) work with teacher, administrators, and students to involve students in addressing real challenges faced by their comminutes. Together they identify, research, and work to address local community needs. With guidance from KIDS, teachers match those projects to school curricula, providing powerful “hands on” learning experiences that improve the community and brings academics to life.
Learn and Serve America supports and encourages service learning throughout the United States, and enables over one million students to make meaningful contributions to their community while building their academic and civic skills. By engaging our nation’s young people in service-learning, Learn and Serve America instills an ethic of lifelong community service.
National Service Learning Clearinghouse - The Learn and Serve America National Service Learning Clearinghouse (NSLC) supports the service learning community in higher education, K-12, community-based initiatives and tribal programs, as well as all other interested in strengthening schools and communities using service learning techniques and methodologies.
The National Society for Experiential Education (NSEE) is a membership association committed to all forms of experienced learning—whether they happen in the classroom, workplace, or community. NSEE is a strong advocate of partnerships that contribute to more dynamic classrooms, a stronger workforce, and thriving communities.
The National Youth Leadership Council (NYLC) has been a pioneer in youth leadership initiatives since it began in 1983. NYLC was the first organization to champion a meaningful new vision of learning that addresses a dual proposal: educating America’s K-12 and college-age students through thoughtful and practical service, while at the same time benefiting the communities in which those young people live.
The National Service Learning Partnership (NSLP) advances service learning as a core element of the educational experience for every elementary, middle, and secondary student in the United States.
Peace Corps – World Wise Schools Coverdell World Wise Schools (CWWS) is an innovative education program that seeks to engage learners in an inquiry about the world, themselves, and others in order to broaden perspectives; promote cultural awareness; appreciate global connections; and encourage service.
Vermont Community Works promotes exemplary teaching strategies, practices, programs, and models that support students becoming caring, responsible, and active members of their communities. They provide resources for educators that include curriculum exemplars, tools and technical assistance, as well as specialized support and training to assist educators in integrating community-based education and service learning.