Elon University

The 2010 Survey: Select biographies of Future IV survey takers

Future of the Internet Survey CoverThis page features a representative sample of brief biographies of 2010 Future of the Internet IV survey respondents, including the names of a large sample of the survey respondents who were willing to be quoted on the record for one or more of their statements in answer to the survey. Hundreds of additional well-connected internet leaders/stakeholders preferred to remain anonymous, keeping their comments off the record; you will not see their names here although they did participate in the survey. Information here is based on biographical details submitted, a link to further background on each respondent is provided, but not hyperlinked – cut and paste to access the additional information. (If you are a survey respondent and you would like to suggest an edit to your bio or link, please write to predictions at elon dot edu with your request. If you would like to participate in our next survey, you can send your contact information and professional background to the same address.) Participants’ affiliations are listed to show their level of engagement with the future of networked technologies; the views they express in the survey are personal and they do not represent the views of the organizations with which they are affiliated.

–Robert Ackland, research fellow in the Research School of Social Sciences at The Australian National University;

Stephan Adelson, president of Adelson Consulting Services and founder of Internet Interventions, a company that promotes health and patient support;

–Brad Adgate, senior vice president and research director at Horizon Media;

–Prasad Ajinkya, senior associate, Illumine Knowledge Resources Pvt. Ltd. and Career Knowledge Resources Pvt. Ltd.;

–Itir Akdogan, Ph.D. candidate and lecturer, University of Helsinki, expertise in ICT in empowering women and girls;

–Matthew Allen, director of the department of Internet Studies at the School of Media, Culture and Creative Arts, Curtin University of Technology, and critic of social uses and cultural meanings of the Internet;

–Jose Manuel Alonso, eGovernment lead, World Wide Web Consortium;

–Alper Alsan, Siemens, Turkey; All Futurists Association of Turkey; contributor to the Millennium Project’s global futures reports;

–Al Amersdorfer, president and CEO, Automotive Internet Technologies;

–Tac Anderson, blogger at New Comm Biz, taking a critical look at social media and the future of business;

–Peng Hwa Ang, dean of the School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, and active leader in the global Internet governance processes of WSIS and IGF;

–Peter Anthony, president and CEO, Illumen;

–Seiiti Arata, Internet Governance Forum secretariat, United Nations;

–Gary Arlen, president, Arlen Communications, founder of The Internet Alliance and member of the board for NTN Buzztime Inc.;

–Rob Atkinson, president, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation; formerly VP at Progressive Policy Institute and former project director at the US Office of Technology Assessment;

–Karl Auerbach, chief technical officer at InterWorking Labs, Inc.;

–Gary Bachula, vice president for external relations for Internet2,

–John Baker, regional digital director for Americas at Iris Worldwide, formerly managing partner at OgilvyInteractive;

–Stewart Baker, general counsel to the U.S. Internet Service Provider Association, former general counsel for the US National Security Agency and first leader of the policy directorate of the Department of Homeland Security;

–Stephen Balkam, CEO of the Family Online Safety Institute,

–Ed Balkovich, senior information scientist, RAND, formerly of Verizon and Digital Equipment Corporation and VoIP and DSL pioneer;

–Richard Barke, professor of public policy, Georgia Tech, expert on ways political values are being reconciled with technology progress;

–Jennifer Barrett, global privacy officer, Acxiom Corporation;

–Richard Bartle, Ph.D. in artificial intelligence and a pioneer of massively multiplayer online games; a contributing editor for Terra Nova, the blog that covers virtual-world issues; Colchester, England;

–Reva Basch, self-employed consultant for Aubergine Information Systems (online research expert); active longtime member of The WELL, one of the earliest cyberspace communities; author of many books, including “Researching Online for Dummies”;

–Rashid Bashshur, director of telemedicine and emeritus professor at the University of Michigan Health System;

–John Beam, principal at Pumphouse Project, providing services for organizations involved in education justice, human rights and youth development;

–Raimundo Beca, partner at Imaginacción, a Chilean consulting company and member of the ICANN Board appointed by the Address Supporting Organization;

–Mark Bell, virtual worlds researcher and active participant in Second Life and manager of the SL Researchers mailing list, co-author of “Second Life for Dummies,” and a veteran of 15 years in software development;

–Benjamin Mordechai Ben-Baruch, senior market intelligence consultant and applied sociologist, consultant for General Motors;

–David Berkowitz, senior director of emerging media and innovation for agency 360i, a developer of social media and mobile programs; columnist for MediaPost;

–Jerry Berman, founder and chair of the board of the Center for Democracy and Technology, an Internet public policy organization; president of the Internet Education Foundation

–David M. Berry, author of “Copy, Rip, Burn: Copyleft!” and a lecturer on sociological and philosophical research into technology;

–Peter Bishop, associate professor of strategic foresight, coordinator of the graduate program in Futures Studies, University of Houston, Houston, Texas;

–Marjorie Blumenthal, associate provost, Georgetown University; previously founder and director of the National Academies of Sciences Computer Science and Telecommunications Board;

–Ebenezer Baldwin Bowles, founder and managing editor of corndancer.com, an independent online journal and cyber community with a non-commercial presence on the world wide web since July of 2000; writer, activist and teacher.

–Stowe Boyd, social networks specialist, analyst, activist, blogger, futurist and researcher; president of Microsyntax.org, a non-profit and director of 301Works.org, an initiative of the Internet Archive;

–danah boyd, expert on social media, youth practices, tensions between public and private and other intersections of technology and society; Microsoft Research and the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University;

–John Bracken, program officer and chair of the committee on technology grantmaking for the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, previously with the Ford Foundation and Center for Media Education;

–Sandra Braman, professor in the Department of Communication, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and expert on the macro-level effects of new information technologies;

–Linda Braun, consultant for Librarians and Educators Online, expert in youth and technology and a board member of the Young Adult Library Services Association and a member of the adolescent literacy task force;

Charlie Breindahl, webmaster and lecturer, Danish Centre for Design Research;

–Niels Brügger, associate professor, Institute of Information and Media Studies, University of Aarhus, Denmark;

–Axel Bruns, associate professor, Media & Communication, Queensland University of Technology and general editor of Media and Culture journal;

–Dean Bubley, founder, Disruptive Analysis, an independent technology analysis and consulting firm;

–Neil Budde, president and chief product officer, DailyMe Inc., previously VP and editor in chief of Yahoo News, Yahoo Finance and Yahoo Sports;

–Hazel Burke, Morgan Centre for the Study of Relationships and Personal Life, Manchester University;

–Michael Burks, disability and special needs chapter of ISOC, chairman of ICDRI – the International Center for Disability Resources on the Internet;

–Egle Butkeviciene, associate professor at Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania; expert on diffusion of ICTs to rural communities;

–Marilyn Cade, CEO at ICT Strategies and mCADE LLC, past VP for Internet and Internet governance at AT&T;

–Kaizar Campwala, associate editor, NewsTrust and expert on public access to information;

–Robert Cannon, senior counsel for Internet law, Office for Strategic Planning and Policy Analysis, Federal Communication Commission, member, Online Safety & Technology Working Group, founder and director, Cybertelecom;

–Sylvia Caras, founder of People Who, expert on rights for people with disabilities;

–Nicholas Carr, writer and consultant whose work centers on information technology, author of “The Big Switch: Rewiring the World, from Edison to Google” and “Does IT Matter?” his next book is “What the Internet is Doing to Our Brains”;

–Jamais Cascio, fellow with the Institute for the Future and the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies and world-builder-in-chief for OpenTheFuture.com;

–Donald Case, professor, School of Library and Information Science, University of Kentucky;

Jim Cashel, CEO, co-founder, Forum One Communications (leveraging technology to solve societal problems) and co-founder of the Eurasia Foundation;

–Clement Chau, researcher, MIT, research analyst and program manager, DevTech Research Group and doctoral student of the Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Development, Tufts University;

–Pablo Chavez, senior policy counsel at Google;

–Omar Cherkaoui, scientist-in-chief at Prompt Inc. and professor of computer science at the University of Quebec in Montreal; infrastructure and network management expert;

–Adam Clare, business development and interactive design, Wero Creative, co-founder, ThingsAreGood.com;

–David D. Clark, senior research scientist, MIT, an Internet pioneer who has been active in building its architecture since 1981, now working on the next-generation Internet;

–Narelle Clark, research director for the Networking Technologies Laboratory at CSIRO; vice president of the Internet Society Australia Chapter;

–David Cohn, director, http://spot.us, citizen journalism expert;

–Anne Collier, co-chair, Online Safety & Technology Working Group, founder and executive director, Net Family News, Inc., co-director, ConnectSafely.org, co-author, “MySpace Unraveled: A Parent’s Guide to Teen Social Networking”;

–Alissa Cooper, chief computer scientist, Center for Democracy & Technology, IETF;

–Rui Correia, information technology consultant, Johannesburg, South Africa;

–George Cowan, founding president and distinguished fellow of the Santa Fe Institute;

–Andrew Crain, vice president and deputy general counsel at Qwest Communications;

–Lorrie Cranor, associate professor of computer science and of engineering and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University, researcher in usable privacy and security, formerly of AT&T Labs;

–Susan Crawford, founder of OneWebDay, Internet law professor at the University of Michigan, former special assistant in the Obama administration for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy;

–Stacy Crosby, founder, CatalystHub, Inc.,;

–Mike Cushman, research fellow and information and communication manager in the Information Systems and Innovation Group of the London School of Economics;

Rafik Dammak, CAD Engineer, STMicroelectronics, Tunisia; leader of the Youth Dynamic Coalition of the Internet Governance Forum;

–Damin Darlin, technology editor, NY Times; based in San Francisco;

–Wojciech Dec, a network consulting engineer within the Edge Engineering Group of Cisco’s Internet Technologies Division;

–Chris Dede, Wirth Professor in Learning Technologies, Harvard Graduate School of Education, emerging technologies expert;

–Steve Dennen, a vice president of product management at comScore, Inc.;

–Dorothy Denning, distinguished professor at Naval Postgraduate School, former director of the Georgetown Institute for Information, ACM Fellow;

–Chris DiBona, open source and public sector engineering manager at Google;

–Tobey Dichter, CEO at Generations on Line;

–Michael Dillon, network consultant at BT and a career professional in IP networking since 1992, member of BT’s IP Number Policy Advisory Forum;

–Paul DiPerna, research director at Foundation for Educational Choice, conducting surveys, polling, Internet/social media projects;

–Thomas Donnelly Jr., government affairs and public policy consultant for Akerman Senterfitt, LLP;

–Michael Donohoe, web developer, The New York Times;

–Stephen Downes, senior research officer, National Research Council of Canada, and specialist in online learning, new media, pedagogy and philosophy;

–Esther Dyson, founder and CEO of EDventure, investor and serial board member, journalist and commentator on emerging digital technology;

–Jeska Dzwigalski, director of community and product development, Linden Lab, the company behind Second Life;

–Bill Eager, Internet and technology pioneer;

–Peter Ecclesine, wireless technology analyst in Cisco’s Corporate Development Technology Group, and serves as chair and technical editor of EEE 802.11y, 3650-3700 MHz operation in the USA;

–Glenn Edens, technology strategy consultant, formerly senior vice president and director of Sun Microsystems Laboratories, chief scientist at HP, president AT&T Strategic Ventures;

–Mark Edwards, software innovator, co-director of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society and senior advisor to the dean of Harvard Divinity School;

–Hal Eisen, senior engineering manager at Ask.com;

–David Ellis, director of communication studies at York University, Toronto, and author of the first Canadian book on the roots of the Internet;

–J. Scott Evans, senior director, global brand & trademarks, Yahoo!;

–David Farrar, New Zealand blogger and political activist, a frequent commentator in the media on Internet issues National Business Review and iPredict columnist, former vice president for InternetNZ, director of NZ Domain Name Registry;

–Luc Faubert, president of dDocs Information Inc., consultant in IT governance and change management;

–Benoît Felten, principal analyst at Yankee Group’s Anywhere Network research group, based in Paris, focusing on next-generation access networks, including fiber-to-the-home and the related regulatory environment;

–Obie Fernandez, founder and CEO of Hashrocket, blogger and editor and author of a series of books for Addison-Wesley on Ruby and Rails;

–Robert G. Ferrell, information systems security professional, U.S. Government, former systems security specialist, National Business Center, U.S. Department of the Interior;

–Barbara Ferry, director of business and editorial research, National Geographic Society Libraries and Information Services;

–Davis Fields, product manager, Nokia;

–Seth Finkelstein, anti-censorship activist and programmer, author of the Infothought blog and an EFF Pioneer Award winner;

–Elizabeth Florescu, director of research of the Millennium Project, the futures research group that publishes the annual “State of the Future” reports;

–Richard Forno, visiting scientist at Carnegie Mellon University and principal consultant for KRvW Associates; served as the first chief security officer at Network Solutions (the InterNIC);

–Joshua Fouts, leader of Dancing Ink, fostering the emergence of a new global culture through virtual worlds, a digital diplomacy expert, senior fellow at Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress, Web activist and founding editor of Online Journalism Review;

–Bob Frankston, computing pioneer, co-founder of Software Arts and co-developer and marketer of VisiCalc, created Lotus Express, ACM Fellow;

–Amy Gahran, contributing writer at eMeter Corporation, senior editor at Oakland Local, co-creator and community manager at Reynolds Journalism Institute;

–Mike Gale, director, Decision Engineering Pty Ltd

Adriano Galvao, vice president of Sylver Consulting, Chicago, an innovation research firm, and technical adviser, Center for Strategic Studies and Management of Science, Technology and Innovation, Brasilia, Brazil;

–Jim Galvin, director of strategic relationships and technical standards for Afilias, active in IETF, ICANN and Internet Society, network security expert;

–Oscar Gandy, author, activist, retired emeritus professor of communication, University of Pennsylvania;

Dan Gillmor, director of the Knight Center for Digital Media Entrepreneurship at Arizona State University’s Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication and author of “We the Media”;

–Hjalmar Gislason, founder and CEO of DataMarket; former director of business development at Iceland Telecom;

Bev Godwin, director of new media and citizen engagement at U.S. General Services Administration, formerly online resources and interagency development director at New Media @ The White House;

–David Goldstein, author of Goldsteinreport.com, a Sydney-based Internet news service specializing in domain names, Internet governance, government policies and more;

–Garth Graham, board member of Telecommunities Canada, promoting local community network initiatives;

–Ryan Gravatt, managing partner and director, online division, Quicksilver Internet Solutions

–Judith Graves, digital projects coordinator, Library of Congress;

–Shane Greenstein, a professor management and strategy at Northwestern University’s Kellogg School of Management, his work is in the economics of Internet infrastructure, also a columnist for IEEE Micro;

–Jonathan Grudin, principal researcher in human-computer interaction and computer-supported cooperative work at Microsoft Research;

–Robert Guerra, project director, Internet Freedom at Freedom House, security and stability advisory committee, ICANN, advisor, TakingItGlobal, expert advisor, Internet Governance and Policy Capacity Building Program, DiploFoundation, managing director and founder, Privaterra, director, CPSR;

–Laura Gurak, professor and chair of the department of writing studies, University of Minnesota, author of many books, including “Cyberliteracy”;

–Alex Halavais, professor and social informatics researcher, Quinnipiac University; explores the ways in which social computing influences society, author of “Search Engine Society”;

Derek Hansen, director of the Center for the Advanced Study of Communities and Information at the University of Maryland;

–Evan Hansen, editor-in-chief, Wired, formerly leader of consumer and media coverage for CNET News.com;

–Fred Hapgood, technology author and consultant, moderator of the Nanosystems Interest Group at MIT in the 1990s, he has written a number of articles for Wired, Discover and other tech publications;

–Robin Harper, partner and COO, First 30 Services, advisory board member, Frenzoo;

–David Harries, associate executive director of Foresight Canada,

–Linda Harris, lead for the Communication and eHealth team, US Department of Health and Human Services;

–Michael Hausenblas, advisory committee representative for DERI at W3C, research center coordinator and post-doctoral researcher, DERI, practitioner and researcher, Linked Data;

–Jeff Hayes, president, InfoTrends;

–Caroline Haythornthwaite, professor, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, research focuses on how information technologies support work, learning and social interaction;

–Scott Heiferman, co-founder and CEO of Meetup;

–Jack Hicks, senior lecturer, department of English, University of California-Davis, a founder of the graduate creative writing program and undergrad creative writing sequence;

–Christine Hine, senior lecturer in sociology at the University of Surrey, UK, former president of the European Association for the Study of Science and Technology and expert on Internet research methods;

–Neville Hobson, head of social media in Europe for WCG Group and principal of NevilleHobson.com;

Link Hoewing, assistant vice president, Verizon;

–Bernie Hogan, research fellow, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford;

—Jack Holt, senior strategist for emerging media, Department of Defense, Defense Media Activity, chief of new media operations, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs;

—Bernardo Huberman, senior HP fellow and director of the Social Computing Lab at Hewlett-Packard, consulting professor, Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, author of “The Laws of the Web: Patterns in the Ecology of Information”;

–Gerrit Huizenga, chair, Vendor Advisory Council, Linux Foundation, architect, IBM;

–Ellen Hume, Annenberg Fellow, Center for Media and Communication Studies, Central European University, former research director of the Center for Future Civic Media, MIT, founder of the Center on Media and Society, University of Massachusetts-Boston;

Jeremy Hunsinger, a founder of the Center for Digital Discourse and Culture and instructor of political science at Virginia Tech, Ph.D in science and technology;

–Galen Hunt, principal researcher at Microsoft Research Operating Systems Group, leader of the Menlo and Singularity projects;

-Hiroshi Ishii, associate Director, MIT Media Lab

–Eliza Jacobs, associate director of research, PBS;

–Joel Jaeggli, network engineer, Nokia, former solution specialist at Check Point Software Technologies;

–Nathaniel James, executive director, OneWebDay

–Ken Jarboe, president, Athena Alliance, a nonprofit exploring the potential of a global information economy

–Jeff Jarvis, author of “What would Google Do?”, associate professor and director of the interactive journalism program and the new business models for news project at the City University of New York’s Graduate School of Journalism;

–Henry Jenkins, provost’s professor of communication, journalism and cinematic arts at the University of Southern California, principal investigator for Project New Media Literacies, media and popular culture author and editor;

–Tom Jennings, University of California-Irvine, creator of FidoNet

–David R. Johnson, associate dean for research and policy, University of Minnesota

–Paul Jones, conference co-chair, WWW2010, clinical associate professor, School of Information and Library Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, director, ibiblio;

–Steve Jones, professor of communication and associate dean of liberal arts and sciences, University of Illinois-Chicago, and co-founder of the Association of Internet Researchers;

–Mary Joyce, co-founder, DigiActive.org;

–Maliha Kabani, president, International Sustainable Development Resource Centre;

–Bente Kalsnes, communication advisor, Origo.no, online journalist;

–Keisuke Kamimura, senior research fellow, Center for Global Communications;

–Geci Karuri, research associate and doctoral fellow, Institute for Economic Research on Innovation, former research group leader, Council for Scientific & Industrial Research;

Thomas Keller, business development, 1&1 Internet AG

–Janel Kasper-Wolfe, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center at Schafer Corporation, Marshall Space Flight Center;

–Qasim Khan, ISOC Pakistan Chapter

–Daniel King, Internet Engineering Task Force

–Darren Krape, new media advisor, U.S. Department of State, web coordinator, World Bank;

–Gary Kreps, professor and chair of the department of communication, George Mason University

–Kassia Krozser, Oxford MediaWorks, co-founder of Medialoper.com, consultant at SONY Pictures Entertainment;

–Holly Kruse, Ph.D in communication, professor of Communication, University of Tulsa;

–Markus Kummer, executive coordinator of the Internet Governance Forum

–Gerard LaFond, co-founder, Persuasive Games

–Cliff Lampe, assistant professor, Department of Telecommunications Information Studies and Media, Michigan State University;

–Solana Larsen, managing editor, Global Voices Online, former editor of openDemocracy.net;

–Chad Layman, president, Marquam Group;

–Thomas Lenard, president and senior fellow, Technology Policy Institute, author of many books including “Net Neutrality or Net Neutering: Should Broadband Services Be Regulated?”;

–Alan Levine, vice president, community and chief technology officer, New Media Consortium

—Jim Lewis, founder, SynthWorks;

–Freddy Linares, Web and business strategy professor, Universidad del Pacifico, director, Interaxión, director, CI Interactive Media, director, The 10Blog Initiative;

–Richard Ling, professor, IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark, Ph.D in sociology;

–Andrew Lippman, associate Director, MIT Media Lab, senior research scientist, MIT, co-director, Digital Life, co-director, MIT Communications Futures Program;

–Frederic Michael Litto, retired professor of communication and founder and scientific coordinator, School of the Future, University of São Paulo, president of ABED-Brazilian Association for Distance Education, former consultant for distance education projects for the World Bank and the Commonwealth of Learning;

–Kristine Lowe, founder, Norwegian Online News Association, media journalist, blogger and columnist;

–Ed Lyell, professor of business and economics, Adams State College, designer and consultant for using computers and telecommunications to improve school effectiveness through the creation of 21st century learning communities;

–Rebecca MacKinnon, co-founder, Global Voices, visiting fellow, Center for Information Technology Policy, Princeton University, former assistant professor of online journalism, University of Hong Kong, former Open Society Fellow;

–David Maher, senior vice president, Law & Policy, Public Interest Registry advocator for polices that support and strengthen the Internet and .ORG community;

–Jeremy Malcolm, project coordinator, Consumers International, and co-director of the Internet Governance Caucus.

–Gervase Markham, Internet Engineering Task Force

–Kris Markman, Ph.D, communication studies, assistant Professor, communication, University of Memphis;

–Chris Marriott, vice president and global managing director, Acxiom Corp.;

–Charlie Martin, correspondent and science and technology editor, Pajamas Media, technical writer, PointSource Communications, correspondent, Edgelings.com;

–Gary Marx, founder and president, Center for Public Outreach;

–Larry Masinter, Internet Engineering Task Force

–Paul Mayes, director, Whybin TBWA;

Ross Mayfield, chairman, president and co-founder, Socialtext, advisory board member at SlideShare, Buzzlogic, Inc., Dabble, Plazes, Dandelife and Eventful;

–Mindy McAdams, Knight Chair in journalism, University of Florida, author, “Flash Journalism: How to Create Multimedia News Packages,” journalist,

Sam McAfee, CTO, RadicalFusion;

–Dave McAllister, director, open source and standards (OSS), standards, Adobe Systems, owner of OSB Technologies;

–Garland McCoy, founder and chief development officer, Technology Policy Institute;

–Mary McFarlane, research behavioral scientist, CDC;

–Sally McIntyre, principal online adviser, Department of Premier and Cabinet;

–Pat McKenna, president, MojoWeb Productions, LLC;

–Donald McLagan, president & CEO, Compete

Jeanne Meister, co-founder, Future Workplace;

–Michel J. Menou, Ph.D, information science, independent consultant in ICT policy, visiting professor and associate researcher, School of Library, Archives and Information Services, University College London;

Chris Messina, open web advocate, Google, board member, OpenID Foundation;

–Steven Metalitz, partner, Mitchell, Silberberg & Knupp;

–Jerry Michalski, founder, Relationship Economy expedition, founder and president, Sociate;

–Sam Michel, founder and managing director, Chinwag;

–Rich Miller, managing director and principal, Cumulati, director, Truedomain, advisor at CloudSoft, Genetic Finance, AeroDynamic Solutions, VEXTEC and OptionMonster, board of directors, treasurer, Hybrid Vigor Institute;

–Chris Minnick, independent information technology and services professional;

–Helena Mitchell, Ph.D, Telecommunications Policy, executive director, Center for Advanced Communications Policy and principal research scientist, Georgia Tech;

–John Monberg, assistant professor, Department of Writing, Rhetoric, and American Cultures, Michigan State University;

–Mario Morino, co-founder and chairman, Venture Philanthropy Partners, chairman, Morino Institute;

–Dan Ness, principal analyst, MetaFacts;

–Craig Newmark, founder and customer service representative, Craigslist, former software engineer and programmer at companies such as Encanto Networks, ISL Consultig, JustInTime Solutions, Bank of America and IBM;

–Pekka Nikander, Ericsson visiting senior research scientist, Helsinki Institute for Information Technology, chief scientist, Ericsson Research Nomadiclab;

–Brian Niles, CEO, TargetX, online communications and marketing;

–Peter Norvig, engineering director, Google, former division chief of computational sciences at NASA;

Kevin Novak, co-chair of eGov Working Group at the World Wide Web Consortium and VP of integrated Web strategy at the American Institute of Architects; formerly director of Web services for the Library of Congress;

–Mícheál Ó Foghlú, executive director for research at Telecommunications Software & Systems Group for Waterford Institute of Technology;

–Cory Ondrejka, advisor, consultant and speaker – co-creator and former chief technology officer for Linden Lab, makers of Second Life, and former senior vice president of digital strategy for EMI Recorded Music;

–Brian O’Shaughnessy, head of global communications at Skype; formerly director of global communications and public affairs, Google, director of corporate communications, VeriSign, director of policy communications, Network Solutions and director of public policy, Internet Alliance;

–Andy Opel, associate professor, communications, Florida State University;

–Francis J.L.Osborn, philosopher, University of Wales-Lampeter

–Ginger Paque, co-director of Internet Governance Caucus and leader in Diplo Foundation Internet Governance Capacity Building Programme;

–Craig Partridge, chief scientist, BBN Technologies, adjunct professor of computer science, University of Michigan;

–Nora Paul, director, Institute for New Media Studies, University of Minnesota, co-author of “Computer Assisted Research: A guide to tapping online information” and “Great Scouts: Cyberguides for Subject Searching on the Web;

–Adam Peake, executive research fellow for GLOCOM

–David Pecotic, officer, Australian Broadband Guarantee Policy Section, Australian Broadband Guarantee Branch, Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy;

–Deborah Pederson, chief Learn & Earn Online Officer, North Carolina Virtual Public School;

–Ismael Peña-López, lecturer, School of Law and Political Science, Open University of Catalonia, researcher, Internet Interdisciplinary Institute;

–Charles M. Perrottet, founding principal, Futures Strategy Group LLC;

–Mark Pesce, co-inventor of Virtual Reality Modeling Language, VRML, author of several books about technology including “The Playful World: How Technology Transforms our Imagination;”

-Ian Peter, Ian Peter and Associates, Internet Mark 2 Project, active leader in Internet Governance Caucus and Internet Governance Forum

–Joy Pierce, assistant professor, communication, University of Utah;

–John Pike, expert on global security, defense, space and intelligence policy, director and founder of GlobalSecurity.org, former director of several projects at the Federation of American Scientists;

–Larry Press, Professor of Computer Information Systems, California State University Dominguez Hills

—Cameron Price, CTO, Mint Digital, former software design engineer, RealNetworks and Microsoft;

–Elaine Pruis, vice president, client services, Minds + Machines, liaison, Council of Country Code Administrators;

–Alexa Raad, CEO, Public Interest Registry;

—Sheizaf Rafaeli, director of Center for the Study of the Information Society and head of the Graduate School of Management at the University of Haifa Israel;

–Lutfor Rahman, chief executive, Association for Advancement of Information Technology, chief executive, ICVolunteers;

–Hakikur Rahman, founder-principal, Institute of Computer Management & Science, chairman, SchoolNet Foundation Bangladesh, founder-chairman, Internet Society Bangladesh Chapter;

–JP Rangaswami, chief scientist, British Telecommunications;

—Peter Rawsthorne, learning systems architect and council member, WikiEducator, IT team lead and solutions architect, Continuing Legal Education Society of British Columbia;

–Gilad Ravid, lecturer, Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel;

–Howard Rheingold, visiting lecturer, communication, Stanford University, lecturer, media, University of California Berkeley School of Information, author of many books about technology including “Tools for Thought” and “Virtual Reality;”

–Ron Rice, Ph.D, co-director of the Carsey-Wolf Center for Film, Television and New Media, University of California-Santa Barbara, divisional officer, International Communication Association and Academy of management;

—Steve Ridder, enterprise architect, Cisco;

Thomas Roessler, security activity lead and acting T&S domain leader, World Wide Web Consortium

Dave Rogers, managing editor, Yahoo! Kids at Yahoo!, principal, UXCentric, Inc.;

Karen Rose, director, access and development initiatives, Internet Society;

Luca Rossi, fellow researcher of social sciences at the University of Urbino with a focus on topics such as online communities and culture, computer games, and the social impact of Internet and virtual worlds;

Carolina Rossini, fellow, Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, grantee at Open Society Institute, coordinator of IP and ICTs Program at DiploFoundation;

Marc Rotenberg, executive director, Electronic Privacy Information Center, adjunct professor of law, Georgetown University;

George Sadowsky, internet and developing world expert, active in leading efforts at the Internet Governance Forum

Chris Saunders, managing editor, InternetNews.com;

–Steve Sawyer, associate professor, college of information sciences and technology, Penn State University;

Jan Schaffer, executive director of J-Lab: The Institute for Interactive Journalism, Pulitzer Prize winner, Philadelphia Inquirer, former leader, Pew Center for Civic Journalism;

Stuart Schechter, researcher, Microsoft Research, former technical staff at MIT Lincoln Laboratory;

Adrian Schofield, manager, applied research unit, Joburg Centre for Software Engineering, president, Computer Society South Africa;

Ari Schwartz, vice president and chief operating officer of the Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT).

Doc Searls, fellow, Berkman Center for Internet & Society, Harvard University and Harvard Law School, fellow at Center for Information Technology and Society, University of California-Santa Barbara;

—Wendy Seltzer, visiting fellow, Oxford Internet Institute, fellow, Berkman Center for Internet and Society, Harvard Law School, fellow, Silicon Flatirons, University of Colorado Law School;

–Mike Sharples, professor, learning sciences, director, the Learning Sciences Research Institute, University of Nottingham, president of the International Association for Mobile Learning, principal investigator, PI: Personal Inquiry project;

–BZ (Bazhong) Shen, associate technical director, Broadcom Corporation

–Philip Sheppard, senior project manager at British Petroleum

Clay Shirky, technology consultant, adjunct professor, graduate Interactive Telecommunications Program, New York University;

–Tiffany Shlain, founder, Webby Awards, filmmaker, director, Moxie Institute;

–Ivan Sigal, executive director, Global Voices;

—Dave Sifry, founder, Offbeat Guides, founder, Technorati, co-founder, Sputnik, co-founder, Linuxcare, Inc.;

–Michael Silber, general manager: regulatory, Neotel, management committee member, South African Internet Service Providers’ Association, founder member, South African chapter of the Internet Society, director, Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers;

–Rachel S. Smith, vice president, NMC Services, New Media Consortium;

—J.H. Snider, president, iSolon.org;

–Jonne Soininen, head of Internet Affairs and former system engineering manager, Nokia Siemens Networks;

–Gene Spafford, Ph.D, information and computer science, professor of computer science, electrical and computer engineering, communication and philosophy, Purdue University, executive director, Purdue CERIAS;

—Bill St. Arnaud, chief research officer at CANARIE Inc. and member of the Internet Society board of trustees

—Stephen Steele, professor, sociology and futures studies, Institute for the Future, Anne Arundel Community College;

—Fred Stutzman, Ph.D candidate, researcher and teaching fellow, School of Information and Library Science, UNC-Chapel Hill;

—Peter Suber, fellow, Berkman Center for Internet & Society, Harvard Law School, visiting fellow, Yale Law School, Open Access project director, Public Knowledge, research professor of philosophy, Earlham College;

—Mark Surman, executive director, Mozilla Foundation;

—Kevin Taglang, editor of communications-based headlines for the Benton Foundation, communications policy researcher and writer and former senior policy analyst at the Benton Foundation

—Geok Leng Tan, CTO, Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore;

—Francesca Tedeschi Di Dario, CEO, OFNETWORK s.r.l., CEO, E-content srl;

–Dean Thrasher, founder, Infovark;

—Anthony Townsend, director of technology development and research director at Institute for the Future;

—Ann Treacy, principal, Treacy Information Services;

–Mike Treder, managing director, Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies, co-founder and former executive director, Center for Responsible Nanotechnology;

—Joanne Troutner, Creative Computer Enterprises, former education information specialist at IBM;

—Patrick Tucker, director of communications, The World Future Society, senior editor, The Futurist;

–Brough Turner, communications industry engineer and strategist and founder of emerging-technology company Ashtonbrooke, previously founder and CTO of Natural MicroSystems and NMS Communications;

–Murray Turoff, professor of computer and information sciences, New Jersey Institute of Technology;

—Dylan Tweney, senior editor, Wired.com;

–Eric Uslaner, professor of government and politics, University of Maryland-College Park;

–Rudi Vansnick, president and CEO, Internet Society, Belgium, board member, EURALO;

–Hal Varian, chief economist of Google and on the faculty at the University of California-Berkeley:

Dmitri Varsanofiev, chief technology officer at IP Cores

Pedro Veiga, professor in department of computer science, University of Lisbon

–Amy Vernon, open source blogger, Network World;

–Andris Virtmanis, director of Department of Telecommunications and Post of the Public Utilities Commission of Latvia

—Marijke Visser, American Library Association Office for Information Technology, co-author of “Fiber to the Library: How Public Libraries can Benefit from Using Fiber Optics for their Broadband Internet Connections”;

–Jeff Walpole, CEO and co-founder, Phase2 Technology;

–Joe Walther, professor, Department of Communication and Department of Telecommunication, Information Studies & Media, Michigan State University;

–Janelle Ward, assistant professor, Department of Media and Communication, Erasmus University Rotterdam;

–Jim Warren, founder and chair of the first Computers, Freedom, and Privacy Conference and longtime technology and society activist

–Mark Warschauer, professor of education and informatics, founding director, Digital Learning Lab and director of education Ph.D program, University of California, Irvine;

–William Webb, head of research and development, Ofcom;

–Barry Wellman, professor of sociology and Netlab Director, University of Toronto;

–Bebo White, associate emeritus at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University; a leader of the International World Wide Web conference steering committee since 1996

Stuart Willoughby, director, USA Service Federal Solutions Division, General Services Administration;

–Jim Witte, director and professor, Center for Social Science Research, George Mason University;

–Tom Wolzien, founder, Wolzien LLC;

–Bill Woodcock, research director, Packet Clearing House, a non-profit research institute, vice president of operations, Netsurfer Publishing, technical advisory board, Switch and Data / PAIX, co-founder and technical advisor, Nepal Internet Exchange and Uganda Internet Exchange

—Alex Wright, director of user experience, The New York Times, author, “Glut: Mastering Information Through the Ages,” former researcher for IBM, Microsoft, Yahoo!, the Internet Archive and other organizations;

–Irene Wu, director of research, International Bureau, Federal Communications Commission, Yahoo! Fellow in residence, Georgetown University School of Foreign Service;

–David Young, vice president, Verizon Federal Regulatory Affairs;

–Michael Zimmer, Ph.D, media, culture and communication, assistant professor, School of Information Studies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee;

–Ethan Zuckerman, research fellow, Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School, co-founder of Global Voices;

General methodology details: Participants in the survey were presented with 10 possible 2020 scenarios and asked to agree with one of two possible projected outcomes based on current common societal views; this was followed by a request for them to elaborate on their answers. This report includes only the results of five of the 10 questions. the additional results will be released later. The scenarios – woven from data collected in recent industry and research reports and predictive public statements by leaders in science, technology, business, and politics – were constructed with overlapping elements to spur discussion and an illumination of issues. The agree-disagree aspects of the survey yielded questionable quantitative numbers because respondents often said they were forced to make a choice, their written elaborations brought focused concerns to light; the elaborationsyielded significant qualitative information, illuminating concerns and hopes for the future.

A wide range of opinion from experts, organizations and interested institutions was sought, this survey should not be taken as a representative canvassing of Internet experts. By design, this survey was an “opt in,” self-selecting effort. That process does not yield a random, representative sample. The quantitative results are based on a non-random online sample of 895 Internet experts and other Internet users, recruited by e-mail invitation, Twitter or Facebook. Since the data are based on a non-random sample, a margin of error cannot be computed, and results are not projectable to any population other than the respondents in this sample.

Many of the respondents are Internet veterans – 50% have been using the Internet since 1992 or earlier, with 11 percent actively involved online since 1982 or earlier. When asked for their primary area of Internet interest, 15% of the survey participants identified themselves as research scientists; 14% as business leaders or entrepreneurs; 12% as consultants or futurists, 12% as authors, editors or journalists; 9% as technology developers or administrators; 7% as advocates or activist users; 3% as pioneers or originators; 2% as legislators, politicians or lawyers; and 25 percent specified their primary area of interest as “other.” Results are divided into a column for invited experts only and a column that combines experts with general public.