Elon University

The IGF 2018 Survey – Enhancing Global Cooperation in the Digital Age: How Can We Bring the World Together?

Researchers from the Imagining the Internet Center are conducting a video survey of Global Internet Governance Forum participants at UNESCO in Paris in November, 2018, recording interviews with dozens of people from dozens of nation-states and stakeholder groups around the world about the ongoing evolution humans and digital life. Use the video viewer to see their responses. Click on the first video to begin a player that will cycle through all visible on this page or click on those you wish to view. To see additional videos, click on the numbers at the end of the video column to display additional videos – there are dozens more than you see here. The question on this page:

HOW CAN WE ENHANCE GLOBAL COOPERATION IN THE DIGITAL AGE? What will bring people together for better cooperation on digital issues – what mechanisms might be employed? And should the UN Declaration of Human Rights be updated to include digital rights?

This is one of FOUR QUESTION SETS asked of each survey participant at IGF 2018. To see responses to the other questions, click here to return to the survey homepage.

Among the respondents are leaders involved with the IGF Multistakeholder Advisory Group, Internet Engineering Task Force, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the Internet Society and civil society, business, government, academia, as well as non-governmental organization leaders from across the world.


Since 2006 the United Nations has facilitated global Internet Governance Forum meetings to encourage discussion of issues. IGF is one of the World Summit on the Information Society efforts toward sustainable development.

The IGF does not make decisions regarding the evolution and operation of the Internet. Those tasks are taken on by many other global multistakeholder organizations, including the Internet Architecture Board (IAB), Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG), Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), all of which consist of people who are continuing to work to evolve an open network on which more and more people can exchange a widening range of communications.

The Internet of 2018 is a extremely complex system on which both humans and untold numbers of bots communicate. In 1995 only about 1 percent of the world was connected; today about half of the people in the world have Internet access. The first billion was reached in 2005. The second billion in 2010. The third billion in 2014. It is estimated that today approximately 4 billion of the world’s nearly 7.64 billion people have access to the Internet.

As Internet accessibility, quality of service and responsiveness becomes more and more vital to day-to-day actions, entrenched institutions and newly rising organizations are challenged to identify and navigate intertwined threats and opportunities.

Global politics and everyone’s social and economic futures are weighing heavily in the balance of the decision-making of the multistakeholder organizations that have influence over the future evolution of the Internet.

Many additional global organizations are continually working to assess how their involvement might move the future forward in concert with the technical organizations for positive change, thus the Global Internet Governance Forum is at a turning point in its own evolution in 2018.

Interview participants in some aspect of the 2018 Global IGF Video Survey:

Following are the names of the participants in the global IGF video survey, along with their job titles and home countries; due to YouTube’s upload limits, some many interviews will be posted later, in the next two weeks.

Louis Pouzin, president, Open Root, France; Sheetal Kumar, programme lead, Global Partners Digital, United Kingdom; Markus Kummer, chairman, IGF Support Association, Switzerland; Renata Aquino Ribeiro, researcher and teacher, E.I. Consulting, Brazil; Andrew Sullivan, president and CEO, The Internet Society, Canada; Louise Marie Hurel, cybersecurity project coordinator, Igarapé Institute, United Kingdom; Chris Lewis, vice president, Public Knowledge, United States; Lucas Anjos, founder and member, IRIS, Brazil; Juliet Nanfuka, research and communications, CIPESA, Uganda; Solomon Okedara, legal practitioner, Solomon Okedara & Co., Nigeria; Joy Wathagi, team leader, Digital Crossroads, Kenya; Shashank Mohan, counsel, Software Freedom Law Centre, India; Gilles Babinet, vice president, French Digital Council, France; Zakaria Tanko Musah, lecturer, Ghana Institute of Journalism, Ghana; John Barry, assistant director of ICT law unit, Interpol, United Kingdom;

Demi Getschko, CEO, nic.br, Brazil; Sherry Shek, ambassador, NetMission.Asia, China; Martha Milanzi Nguni, assistant, Education Sector, UNESCO, France; Gustavo Souza, IGF Youth Fellow, Brazil; Raul Echeberria, vice president of Global Engagement, Internet Society, Uruguay; Thomas Schneider, ambassador and director of international affairs, OFCOM, Switzerland; Babu Ram Aryal, CEO, Internet Governance Institute, Nepal; Frédéric Donck, director, European bureau, Internet Society, Belgium; Jacques Beglinger, executive committee member, Swiss Holdings, Switzerland; Jan Aart Scholte, professor, Institution for Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Catherine Mulligan, research fellow, innovation and entrepreneurship, Imperial College, United Kingdom;

Glenn McKnight, co-founder, Internet Society Canada Chapter, Canada; Ishtiaq Hussain, executive director, Social Entrepreneurial Consultants, Pakistan; Virdzinija Saveska, student, Sciences Po-Paris School of International Affairs, Serbia; Joanna Kulesza, assistant professor of law and administration, University of Lodz, Poland; Christopher Painter, commissioner on Global Commission of Stability of Cyberspace, United States; Sébastien Soriano,chairman, ARCEP, France; Mam Isatou Jallow, project development officer, Give1 Project, Gambia; Olivier MJ Crépin-Leblond, chair of Internet Society United Kingdom Chapter, France; Wolfram von Heynitz, head of the cyber policy coordination staff, Federal Foreign Office, Germany; Eldrid Jordaan,chief executive officer, GovChat, South Africa; Rasha Abdulla, professor, department of journalism and mass communication, The American University in Cairo, Egypt;

Victor Prata, IGF Youth Fellow, Brazil; Burzhuev Azamat, deputy director, Government Interoperability Electronic Center, Kazakhstan; Karen Reilly, managing director, Tungsten Labs, United States; Yawri Carr, IGF Youth Fellow, ISOC, Costa Rica; Joonas Mäkinen, activist, Information Society, Finland; Nancy Wachira, Youth IGF ambassador, Kenya; Yoshihiro Obata, chief executive officer, BizMobile, Japan; Karen McCabe, senior director of technology policy and international affairs, IEEE Standards Association, United States; Sumon Ahmed Sabir, chief technology officer, Fiber @ Home; Carolina Botero Cabrera, executive director, Fundación Karisma, Colombia; Niken Satyawati, presidium, Indonesian Anti-Hoax Community, Indonesia; Luo Tian, IGF China Secretariat Coordinator, IGFCN, China;

Wafa Ben Hassine, policy lead MENA, Access Now, Tunisia; David Fayon, program manager, Time to Test, France; Anang Latif, CEO, BAKTI, Indonesia; Rashweat Mukundu, Africa adviser’ Michael Rotert, honorary president, eco, Germany; Stella Ndabeni-Abrahams, deputy minister, Telecommunications and Postal Services, South Africa; Jan Gerlach, senior public policy manager, Wikimedia Foundation, Switzerland; Mary Uduma, managing director, Jaeno Digital Solutions Ltd, Nigeria; Tafhimur Rahman, founder, Lets Learn Coding, Bangladesh; Li Yuxiao, vice president, Chinese Academy of Cyberspace, China; Satish Babu, president, InApp Information Technologies, India; Anna-Sabine Rieder, administrator, European Parliament, Belgium; Jeremy Rand, lead application engineer, The Namecoin Project, United States; Muheeb Saeed, programme officer, MFWA, Ghana; George Anthony Giannoumis, associate professor, Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway; Michael Hausding, security engineer, Switch, Switzerland;

Alex Comninos, ICT researcher and consultant, alex.africa, South Africa; Anna Rywczynska, manager of social projects team, NASK, Poland; Thant Thaw Kaung, executive director, Myanmar Book Aid & Preservation Foundation, Myanmar; Garland McCoy, president of Technology Education Institute, United States; Marcos Dantas, senior advisory consultant, EDP Brasil, Brazil; Lee McKnight, associate professor, Syracuse University, United States; Marek Laskowski, blockchain researcher, Schulich School of Business, Canada; Ahmed Chabchoub, CIO, Ministry of Communication Technologies and Digital Economy, Tunisia; Helani Galpaya, CEO, Lirne Asia, Sri Lanka; Charlotte Altenhöner-dion, head of Internet Governance, Council of Europe, Germany; Nicolas Suzor, associate professor, Queensland University of Technology, Australia; Nicolas Echániz, president, AlterMundi, Argentina;

Abdeldjalil Bachar Bong, CEO, House of Internet, Chad; Susie Alegre, barrister, Doughty Street Chambers, United Kingdom; Tracy Hackshaw, multistakeholder advisor, TTMag, Trinidad & Tobago; Kenta Mochizuki, public policy councillor, Mercari Inc., Japan; Victoria McCullough, director of social impact, Tumblr, United States; Preechai Mekbungwan, research associate, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand; Ayden Ferdeline, tech policy fellow, Mozilla, Germany; Shaun Pather, professor, University of Western Cape, South Africa; Ethan Sweet, youth IGF fellow, Internet Society, United Kingdom; Daniëlle Flonk, research associate and PhD Candidate, Hertie School of Governance, The Netherlands; Konstantinos Komaitis, director for policy development, Internet Society, Greece; Tim Richter, board member, United Nations Association of Germany; Bu Zhong, associate professor of journalism, Pennsylvania State University, United States.

Jovan Kurbalija, executive director, Secretariat of the High-Level Panel on Digital Cooperation, Switzerland; Alyssa Moore, senior policy and advocacy advisor, CIRA, Canada; J. Beckwith Burr, member of Board of Directors, ICANN, United States; Michele Neylon, CEO, Blacknight Solutions, Ireland: David Sullivan, director of learning and development, Global Network Initiative, United States; Gergana Petrova, external relations officer, RIPE NCC, Netherlands; Amanda Nunes Lopes Espiñeira Lemos, researcher, LAPIN, Brazil; Bill Woodcock, executive director, Packet Clearing House, United States; Vagner Diniz, manager, Brazilian Network Information Center, Brazil; Ephraim Percy Kenyanito, programme officer digital, Article 19, Kenya:

Eun Chang Choi professor, Korea University, South Korea; Yohko Hatada, director, Evolution of Mind, Life, and Society Research Institute, Japan; Ansgar Koene, senior research fellow, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom; Rafia Wahab, lawyer, Baharia University, Pakistan; Wisdom Donkor, CEO, Africa Open Data & Internet Research Foundation, Ghana; Salanieta Tamanikaiwaimaro, executive director, Pasifika Nexus, Fiji; Miguel Candia, head of anti-drug policies, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Paraguay; Omar Mansoor Ansari, president, TechNation, Afghanistan; Sivasubramamian Muthusamy, president, Internet Society, India; Richard Delmas, president, Semanthis, France; Tim Smith, general manager, CIPArx, Canada; Olaf Kolkman, chief Internet technology officer, Internet Society, Netherlands;

Robert Guerra, founder, Privaterra, Canada; Ron Andruff, president, ONR Consulting, United States; Jari Arkko, senior expert, Ericsson Research, Finland; Nigel Hickson, vice president UN & IGO Engagement, ICANN, Switzerland; Derrick L. Cogburn, professor, American University, United States; Axel Pawlik, managing director, RIPE NCC, Netherlands; Wolfgang Kleinwächter, board member, Medienstadt Leipzig., Germany; Michael Moss, project coordinator, Media Legal Defence Initiative, South Africa; Gordon Lennox, activist, TDRS, France; Olumide Babalola, managing partner, Olumide Babalola LP, Nigeria;

Nilmini Rubin, executive vice president, Tetra Tech, United States; Haroon Azim, chief of staff, ATRA, Afghanistan; Paul Rowney, technical consultant, Adaptrum, Namibia; Zabihullah Faizi, team leader, ATRA, Afghanistan; Cláudio S. de Lucena Neto, professor, Centro de Ciêncas Jurídicas UEPB, Brazil; Alan Barrett, CEO, AFRINIC, South Africa; Mikhail Anisimov, deputy head of Information Department at Russia Coordination Center for RU/P?, Russia; Sebghatullah Andar, spectrum monitoring manager, ATRA, Afghanistan; Christopher Yoo, professor, University of Pennsylvania, United States; Pindar Wong, chairman, VeriFi, China; Nathalia Sautchuk Patrício, technical advisor, Brazilian Network Information Center, Brazil;

Charles Shaban, executive director, AGIP, Jordan; Karla Velasco Ramos, international area coordinator, Network for Diversity, Equity and Sustainability A.C., Mexico; Yik Chan Chin, lecturer, Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China; Katherine Hagen, CEO, Global Social Observatory, United States; M Feras Bakkour, secretary general, Arab Internet and Telecom Unit, Syria; Talant Sultanov, chair, Internet Society in Kyrgystan, Kyrgystan; Guillermo Fernandez, CIO, IFT, Mexico; Assia Bahri, head of regulatory affairs, SIGFOX, France; Laurent Bloch, cyber strategy researcher, Institut de l’Iconomie, France; Jaqueline Pigatto, researcher, UNESP, Brazil; Bunmi Durowoju, senior business development manager, Microsoft, United Kingdom; Layal Bahnam, program officer, Maharat Foundation, Lebanon

Byron Holland, CEO, Canadian Internet Registration Authority, Canada; Priyatosh Jana, assistant professor, Mallabhum Institute of Technology, India; Samuel Gitonga Mutungi, member, Universal Services Advisory Council, Kenya; Alexander Isavin, co-founder, Russian Internet Protection Society, Russia; Andrey Shcherbovich, lecturer at Higher School of Economics National Research University, Russia; Baldeep Grewal, Professor of English Literature at the University Field School in Germany; Izemengia Kelame Benita, project manager, Numerique 243, Congo; Raman Jit Singh Chima, global policy director, Access Now, India; Grégory Mounier, head of outreach and Internet governance, European Cybercrime Center, Netherlands.

Click here to return to the home page for Imagining the Internet’s Global IGF 2018 content.

– Global Internet Governance Forum 2018 video interviews were produced by Jared Mayerson, Alexandra Roat, Grace Morris, Cammie Behnke, Anton Delgado, Sophia Ortiz, Jack Norcross and Samantha Casamento of Elon University’s School of Communications, under the supervision of fProfessor Janna Anderson, Dr. Alex Luchsinger and Dr. David Bockino of the Imagining the Internet Center.